Dictionary of Anthropology

By Charles Winick

A entire source of anthropology.

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Anthropometry, social. The research that treats social phenomena in a quantified and comparative demeanour. Anthropomorpha. See HOMINID. anthropomorphic. Having human visual appeal and shape. anthropomorphism. The ascription of human features to things that aren't human, present in many early spiritual ideals. Anthropomorphism used to be most likely an element in nature worship. anthropopathism. The ascription of human feelings to things or an atmosphere. anthropophagi. legendary males of antiquity who have been cannibals. anthropophagy. See CANNIBALISM. anthroposcopy. visible exam and reporting of actual features that can't be measured precisely, e. g. , eye colour. anticipation. In linguistics, the advent right into a be aware of a phoneme (q. v. ) which belongs later within the concept; or one of those assimilation (q. v. ) within which a phoneme turns into like a next phoneme or phonemes. anticyclone. The atmospheric situation during which there are excessive relevant pressures and outward-flowing currents. antigen. A substance in human blood that serves to distinguish one individual from one other. as well as the 4 classical blood teams (q. v. ), antigens for MN (q. v. ) and Rh (q. v. ) kinds were found. antipathy, racial. The invidious differentiation of 2 or extra various contributors or teams as a result of the recognition of presumed components of race. antiquarian. the standard designation for an novice employee in archaeology. within the 18th and nineteenth century, the time period was once used for somebody who gathered outdated issues. antiquarianism. The learn of precedent days and their continues to be, usually pursued as a pastime and a precursor of archaeology, to which many antiquarians have made vital contributions. W. W. Taylor has prompt that antiquarianism begun within the sixteenth century in England. A society to maintain nationwide antiquities was once based in London in 1572, and John Leland was once appointed King’s Antiquary in 1533. via the seventeenth century in England, many antiquaries have been at paintings, with John Aubrey the most efficient. The 18th century observed the examine of antiquities invigorated through romanticism, the rediscovery of Greece, and the increase of common background. In 1716, a London antiquarian known as Conyers came across a few “elephant” bones and a chipped stone software close to Gray’s hotel Lane in London, yet was once derided. In 1797, the antiquarian John Frere stumbled on the bones of a few extinct animals and a few hand axes in Suffolk and wrote an editorial suggesting that the implements and bones have been from an identical period, the implements being “... fabricated and utilized by a those who had no longer using metals. ” antiquity, American cultural. The prehistoric improvement of tradition in the US has certainly been demonstrated just for the terminal Pleistocene. The platyrrhine tailed monkeys which branched away within the Tertiary and are localized in South the United States are the single nonhuman primates within the New global. There are virtually no fossil or residing anthropoid apes in the USA. this is able to seem to element to the evolution of guy within the japanese hemisphere and his coming into the western hemisphere really past due and reasonably good constructed, both neoanthropic or Homo sapiens.

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